Marie-Thιrθse van de Kamp





•      Arts programs : CKV 1, 2 and 3.

•      CKV = a new interdisciplinary approach - the aims and principles

•      Implications for teaching - implementation of the new program

•      Implications for training and development


Interdisciplinary initiatives:

-          In this resumι I want to inform you about the new art education program of the Netherlands.

-          The items of this resumι are:

-          the new arts program: Culturele en Kunstzinnige Vorming = CKV ( Education in Arts and Culture: a new interdisciplinary approach) 1,2 and 3; the aims and principles;

-          the implications for teaching - for example: teamteaching;

-          the implementation of the new program: 

-          Implications for training ( in secondary education; in continuing education - for all art teachers; and training/education for all art students) and implications for development of the new program / new practice




•      In secondary education a new program started in 1999: ‘The second phase’

•      Three new and different arts programs were introduced: CKV 1, 2 and 3


-          In secondary education a new program started in 1999. This new program involves both new contents ( for example CKV ) as well as a new approach towards teaching, in this new approach pupils work more independently. They learn how to learn independently. This new approach is called: the second phase. The second phase follows basisvorming (basic education). In this second phase, pupils can choose from 4 areas: science and technology, science and health, economics and society and culture and society. This in order for pupils, to have the right education to be able to continue study at university. Added to this, all pupils have a compulsory part in which basic subjects are placed (with a more general content) like: language/literature, science, mathematics, culture ( CKV 1).


-          Three new art programs have been introduced: CKV 1, CKV 2 and CKV 3. All pupils have CKV 1, this type of art education is oriented towards experiencing art. In the area: culture and society, CKV 2 and 3 are placed. CKV 2 is arts history, arts theory, aesthetics etc. And CKV 3 is art production / studio art.




•      Compulsory for all pupils (age:15-18)

•      Across disciplinary boundaries: visual, literary and performing arts are involved in CKV 1

•      Active participation in art & culture: visiting museums, theatre, etc.

•      Arts specialists work in teams


-          CKV 1: ART EXPERIENCE. This subject is compulsory for all pupils aged 15 to 18. Within CKV 1 all art disciplines are involved: All visual arts, all performing arts, languages/literature.

-          Active participation in art and culture is the main concept of CKV 1. Pupils are visiting museums, theatre perfomances, dance performances and concerts. ( Each pupil received fl. 50,- (€ 22,-) from the dutch government) In class they study art history and they study the major art themes like: "heroes, the city, love, dreams " etc. Art disciplines are meant to be combined within these themes. Art production is part of this program as well.

-          A written account is made from every theme and cultural visit. This is documented in an 'Art-portfolio' in which pupils reflect on art and culture.

-          Arts specialists work in teams, so they can benefit from each others knowledge and experience, and they can give feedback to each other. And pupils learn about the different art specializations.




•      Cultural activities

•      Art appreciation/ art history

•      Art production/studio - art

•      Reflection / portfolio.


-          CKV 1: the contents, as I have already told you, Cultural activities are an important part of CKV 1. Art appreciation and art history  are combined with art production/ studio art in order to stimulate pupils to reflect on art and culture. This is filed in the Art-portfolio




•      CKV 2: Theory, history and aesthetics of  the visual and performing arts

•      CKV 2 is linked to CKV 3 (art production/ studio - art)

•      CKV 2 & 3 are optional (chosen by 20-25 % of the pupils)

•      Arts specialists work in teams


-          Within the section: culture and society, CKV 2 and 3 are placed. CKV 2 is artS theory: theory. history and aesthetics of the visual and performing arts.  CKV 2, art theory is linked to/ combined with CKV 3 ( art production/studio art). CKV 2/3 are compulsory for all pupils who have chosen the area Culture and society ( about 20 to 25 % of all pupils) and CKV 2/3 are optional for pupils from the other areas (like for example: economics and society or nature and science). Arts specialists again work in teams, in order to complement their knowledge and experience.



•      The arts in CKV 2 & 3 are:

•      The performing arts: dance, theatre, music

•      The visual and audiovisual arts: painting, sculpture, textile art, photography, film, video and computer-art


-          The Arts in CKV 2 and 3 are: the performing arts: dance, theatre, and music. And the visual and audio visual arts: painting, sculpture, textile art, photography,  film, video and computer art.





•      Concepts/ appreciation/ aesthetics

•      Study of 6 subjects = 6 historic periods (from church culture of the 14th century to 20th century mass culture)

•      Study of 6 functions/perspectives of the arts 


-          CKV 2: the contents - concepts, appreciation, aesthetics; study of 6 subjects from 6 different perspectives/functions 




•      Church culture (11th - 14th cent.)

•      Culture of the (Italian & French) courts  (16th/17th cent.)

•      Dutch culture (17th cent.)

•      Romanticism and realism (19th. Cent.)

•      Modern Art (20th cent.)

•      Mass Culture (20th cent.)


-          CKV 2 the subjects: church culture from eleventh to fourteenth century; culture of the Italian and french courts, from sixteenth to seventeenth century. Dutch culture ( of the Golden Age) 17th century. Romanticism and realism in nineteenth century and Modern culture from the first part of the twentieth century and Mass culture from the second part of the twentieth century.




•      Religion

•      Aesthetics

•      Patronage

•      Entertainment

•      Science

•      Inter/multiculturality


-          CKV 2: the functions/perspectives: religion, aesthetics, patronage, entertainment, science and technology, inter/ multiculturality. All six historic periods are studied from these six perspectives ( the functions of art).




•      Art production / studio art

•      Art theory

•      The art discipline is optional: either visual art, music, dance or drama.

•      CKV 3 is linked to CKV 2


-          CKV 3: the contents - Art production/ studio art. Art theory ( a small part - linked to art production) In CKV 3 the art discipline is optional: either visual art, music, dance or drama. The production of CKV 3 is linked / related to the art theory of CKV 2.




•      Creating interaction between the disciplines of the arts

•      Creating a more comprehensive understanding of the arts in combining: art production/ studio - art with art experience, art history, art appreciation, art theory, aesthetics


-          Interdisciplinary initiatives: principles - creating interaction between the disciplines of art ( one of the reasons for this is the existing relation between art disciplines in current art). Furthermore: creating a more comprehensive understanding of the arts in combining: art production /studio art with art experience, art history, art appreciation, art theory, aesthetics.




•      Creating new possibilities for  interdisciplinary art

•      Combining production / studio - art, theory, history, appreciation and aesthetics of the arts (from different times & cultures)

•      Arts specialists working in collaboration


-          Interdisciplinary initiatives: Aims - creating new possibilities for interdisciplinary art; combining production/ studio art with theory, history,appreciation, aesthetics of the arts ( from different times and cultures) ; Arts specialists working in collaboration - in order to develop the new interdisiplinary approach




•      Development of new programs

•      New conditions for the school organization 


-          Implementation: development of new programs is taking place throughout the country: new intitiatives arise everywhere. Several developmental institutions are publishing CKV programs; publishers are working on new methods for CKV.

-          New conditions for the school organization: this means training of all teachers involved with CKV. Also classrooms have to be adjusted to the new interdisciplinary conditions. ( also the planning has to be adjusted to the new program and to teamteaching)





•      Organization & planning: between art specialists, schools and cultural institutions

•      In order to develop new programs,  new attitudes, a new practice and new teacher training programs ( + continuing education)

•      Pressure = to maintain most aspects of the existing and formal curriculum / to maintain the established quality of the program


-          Obstacles ( in implementation) - Organization and planning: a lot of time is taken by the collaboration ( a lot of meetings !) of the art specialists, the schools and the cultural institutions; in order to develop new programs, new attitudes, a new practice and new teacher training (and continuing educational) programs have to be developped: this is a difficult and time-taking task.

-          There is a pressure to maintain most aspects of the existing and formal curriculum and to maintain the established quality of the existing program.



•      Exchange of expertise at all levels   (collaboration between arts specialists, cultural institutions etc.)

•      Training of all art specialists involved (including students in arts education)

•      Developing conditions for interdisciplinary practice


-          Implications: exchange of expertise at all levels ( collaboration between art specialists, cultural institutions etc.); training of all art specialists involved ( including students in arts education – At Fontys we have CKV-projects in which students of all arts-departments are involved: music, dance, drama and the visual arts); Developing conditions for interdisciplinary practice.

-          The presence of cultural institutions is important for the new CKV schoolprogram. In Tilburg the schools can benefit from the presence of several (new) cultural institutions: for example a new concerthall, a new popcentre ( 013), a new museum (De Pont). This part is also a problematic one: not every city in the Netherlands has a lot of cultural institutions. 

-          Concluding: CKV already is a cultural impulse for the school, the city and for the society and hopefully it can and will be of importance for the interdisciplinary art of the future in the Netherlands.